Revista de Dialectología y Tradiciones Populares, Vol 73, No 1 (2018)

Imponiendo la precariedad: maquinaciones burocráticas, complicidad y jerarquías de la Academia


https://doi.org/10.3989/rdtp.2018.01.001.04

Vasiliki Touhouliotis , España
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4511-922X

Resumen


"Adjuncts" es el término usado en los Estados Unidos para referirse a los profesores con contratos temporales, de baja remuneración y sin protección social. Hoy constituyen la mayoría de la plantilla del profesorado en universidades y colleges estadounidenses. Partiendo de mis tres años de experiencia como adjunta, este artículo es un relato de la precariedad en la academia norteamericana. Aunque se suele asumir que la precariedad afecta igual a todos los adjuncts, la raza, el género, y la clase dan forma a distribuciones diferenciadas de la precariedad y construyen ciertos cuerpos como precarios incluso aunque no sean adjuncts. Y es que la precariedad en la academia incluye una gama de experiencias a menudo inconmensurables. Las discusiones sobre la precariedad también suelen pasan por alto la complicidad de los profesores permanentes y de los administradores, que imponen la precariedad y reproducen jerarquías de la academia al mantener a los adjuncts lejos de los recursos de la Universidad y al pedirles que trabajen sin compensación. ¿Cómo practicar un rechazo colectivo de la reproducción de las jerarquías académicas sin que se entienda como muestra de que no nos preocupamos por nuestro trabajo? ¿Cómo ese rechazo puede servir para demandar mejores condiciones de trabajo para todos?

Palabras clave


Precariedad; Adjuncts; Estados Unidos; Jerarquías académicas; Complicidad; Rechazo

Texto completo:


PDF

Referencias


Alvarez, Maximillian. 2017. «Contingent No More: An Academic Manifesto». The Baffler May 3. Available at: https://thebaffler.com/the-poverty-of-theory/contingent-no-more. Access date: 17 Apr. 2018.

American Association of University Professors. 2017. «Visualizing Change: The Annual Report on the Economic Status of the Profession, 2016-17». Available at: https://www.aaup.org/report/visualizing-change-annual-report-economic-status-profession-2016-17. Access date: 17 April 2018.

Attewell, Nadine. 2016. «Not the Asian You Had in Mind: Race, Precarity, and Academic Labor». English Language Notes 54(2):183-90.

Betensky, Carolyn. 2017. «“Tenured Allies” and the Normalization of Contingent Labor». Academe 103(5). Available at: https://www.aaup.org/article/tenured-allies-and-normalization-contingentlabor#.Weu0m2hSy71. Access date: 17 Apr. 2018.

Birmingham, Kevin. 2017. «“The Great Shame of Our Profession”». The Chronicle of Higher Education Feb. 12. Available at: http://www.chronicle.com/article/The-Great-Shame-of-Our/239148. Access date: 17 Apr. 2018.

Bousquet, Marc. 2014. «Offensive Letter Justifies Oppressive System That Hurts Both Faculty and Students». The Chronicle of Higher Education Aug. 29. Available at: http://www.chronicle.com/article/Dont-Let-Adjunct-Bashing-Go/148551. Access date: 17 April 2018.

Brown, Peter D.G. 2010. «Confessions of a Tenured Professor». Inside Higher Ed May 11. Available at: https://www.insidehighered.com/views/2010/05/11/confessions-tenured-professor. Access date: 17 April 2018.

Brown, Wendy. 2015. Undoing the Demos: Neoliberalism’s Stealth Revolution. New York: Zone Books.

Chomsky, Noam. 2014. «The Death of American Universities». Jacobin Mar. 3. Available at: http://jacobinmag.com/2014/03/the-death-of-american-universities/. Access date: 17 Apr. 2018.

Cottom, Tressie McMillan. 2014. «The New Old Labor Crisis». Slate Jan. 24. Available at: http://www.slate.com/articles/life/counter_narrative/2014/01/adjunct_crisis_in_higher_ed_an_all_too_familiar_story_for_black_faculty.html. Access date: 17 April 2018.

Daniel, Malini Cadambi. 2016. «Contingent Faculty of the World Unite! Organizing to Resist the Corporatization of Higher Education». New Labor Forum Apr. 28. Available at: http://newlaborforum.cuny.edu/2016/04/28/unite-to-resist-the-corporatization-of-education/. Access date:

Apr. 2018.

Ferguson, Jade. 2013. «We Are Not All Jims: The Colour Line and Sadness in the University». Hook & Eye: Fast Feminism, Slow Academe. Blog. Apr. 8. Available at: https://hookandeye.ca/2013/04/08/guest-post-we-are-not-all-jims-the-colour-line-and-sadness-in-the-university/. Access date:

April 2018.

Flaherty, Colleen. 2016. «Study Finds Gains in Faculty Diversity, but Not on the Tenure Track». Inside Higher Ed Aug. 22. Available at: https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2016/08/22/studyfinds-gains-faculty-diversity-not-tenure-track. Access date: 17 Apr. 2018.

Gibney, Shannon and Anonymous. 2012. «I Ain’t Your Girl: Controlling Identities and Acts of Isolation in the Academy». The Feminist Wire Nov. 8. Available at: http://www.thefeministwire.com/2012/11/i-aint-your-girl-controlling-identities-and-acts-of-isolation-in-the-academy/. Access date:

Apr. 2018.

Hoeller, Keith. 2014. «The Wal-Mart-Ization of Higher Education: How Young Professors Are Getting Screwed». Salon Feb. 16. Available at: https://www.salon.com/2014/02/16/the_wal_mart_ization_of_higher_education_how_young_professors_are_getting_screwed/. Access

date: 17 Apr. 2018.

Kahle, Trish and Michael Billeaux. 2015. «Resisting the Corporate University». Jacobin, Sep. 28. Available at: http://jacobinmag.com/2015/09/graduate-workers-university-missouri-mizzou-scott-walkerwisconsin-unions-labor/. Access date: 17 Apr. 2018.

Kendzior, Sarah. 2013. «Academia’s Indentured Servants». Al Jazeera English Apr. 11. Available at: http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2013/04/20134119156459616.html. Access date: 17 Apr. 2018.

Kendzior, Sarah. 2014. «The Adjunct Crisis Is Everyone’s Problem». ChronicleVitae Oct. 17. Available at: https://chroniclevitae.com/news/762-the-adjunct-crisis-is-everyone-s-problem. Access date: 17 April 2018.

Kendzior, Sarah. 2015. «Academia’s 1 Percent». ChronicleVitae Mar. 6. Available at: https://chroniclevitae.com/news/929-academia-s-1-percent. Access date: 17 Apr. 2018.

McKenna, Laura. 2015. «The Cost of an Adjunct». The Atlantic May 26. Available at: https://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2015/05/the-cost-of-an-adjunct/394091/. Access date: 17 Apr. 2018.

Neff, Ali Colleen. 2017. «On Academic Precarity». Ali Colleen Neff. Blog. Nov. 8. Available at: http://www.alicolleenneff.com/blog/2017/11/8/on-academic-precarity. Access date: 17 Apr. 2018.

Potter, Claire B. 2017. «Angry about Adjuncting? Why Adjuncts Should Quit Complaining and Just Quit». Inside Higher Ed Oct. 16. Available at: https://www.insidehighered.com/views/2017/10/16/why-adjuncts-should-quit-complaining-and-just-quit-essay. Access date: 17 Apr. 2018.

Riederer, Rachel. 2014. «The Teaching Class». Guernica Jun. 16. Available at: https://www.guernicamag.com/the-teaching-class/. Access date: 17 Apr. 2018.

Schwartz, Joseph M. 2014. «Resisting the Exploitation of Contingent Faculty Labor in the Neoliberal University: The Challenge of Building Solidarity between Tenured and Non-Tenured Faculty». New Political Science 36(4): 504-522.

Silva, Liana M. 2015. «How Many Women Are Adjuncts Out There?». ChronicleVitae May 27. Available at: https://chroniclevitae.com/news/1017-how-many-women-are-adjuncts-out-there. Access date: 17 Apr. 2018.

Swidler, Eva. 2016. «Can the Adjunct Speak? Precarity and Academic Unfreedom». Academe 102(5). Available at: https://www.aaup.org/article/can-adjunct-speak#.Weuy_GhSy70. Access date: 17 Apr. 2018.

Weissmann, Jordan. 2013. «The Ever-Shrinking Role of Tenured College Professors (in 1 Chart)». The Atlantic Apr. 10. Available at: https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2013/04/the-evershrinking-role-of-tenured-college-professors-in-1-chart/274849/. Access date: 17 Apr. 2018.

Wunker, Erin. 2013. «A New Politics of Loss? A Response to “We Are Not All Jims: The Colour Line and Sadness in the Academy”». Hook & Eye: Fast Feminism, Slow Academe. Blog. Apr. 15. Available at: https://hookandeye.ca/2013/04/15/a-new-politics-of-loss-a-response-to-we-are-not-all-jimsthe-colour-line-and-sadness-in-the-academy/. Access date: 17 Apr. 2018.




Copyright (c) 2018 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Licencia de Creative Commons
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional.


Contacte con la revista rdtp.cchs@cchs.csic.es

Soporte técnico soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es